May 8, 2021
Rome Is the capital of Italy and the country’s largest and most populated city and commune. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy. Rome’s history spans some 2500 years. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom and regarded as one of the birthplaces of western civilization. The Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, were the dominant powers in Western Europe and the lands bordering the Mediterranean for over 700 years. In the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic. Being the capital city of Italy, Rome hosts all the principal institutions of the nation, like the Presidency of the Republic, the government, the Parliament, the main Judicial Courts, and the diplomatic representatives of all the countries for the states of Italy and the Vatican City. Rome is a nation-wide and major international center for higher education, containing numerous academies, colleges and universities. Rome is considered the world’s second most historically, educationally and culturally interesting and beautiful city. Rome is an important centre for music, and it has an intense musical scene, including several prestigious music conservatories and theatres. Rome today is one of the most important tourist destinations of the world! Rome was a major world center of the Renaissance, second only to Florence, and was profoundly affected by the movement. The original language of Rome was Latin, which evolved during the Middle Ages into Italian. The latter emerged as the confluence of various regional dialects, among which the Tuscan dialect predominated, but the population of Rome also developed its own dialect, the Romanesco.
has evolved through centuries and periods of social, cultural, and political changes. Rome became a major gastronomical centre during Ancient Rome. Ancient Roman Cuisine was highly influenced by Ancient Greek culture, and after, Later, during the Renaissance, Rome became well known as a centre of high-cuisine, since some of the best chefs of the time, worked for the popes. Today, the city is home to numerous formidable and traditional Italian dishes. Vegetables, especially globe artichokes, are common.
Examples of these include “Saltimbocca alla Romana” – a veal cutlet, Roman-style; topped with raw ham and sage and simmered with white wine and butter; “Carciofi alla giudia” – artichokes fried in olive oil, typical of Roman Jewish cooking; “Carciofi alla romana” – artichokes Roman-style; outer leaves removed, stuffed with mint, garlic, breadcrumbs and braised; “Spaghetti alla carbonara” – spaghetti with bacon, eggs and pecorino, and “Gnocchi di semolino alla romana” – semolina dumpling, Roman-style, to name but a few.